What is Mode 3 EV charging cables

Mode 3 EV charging cables are a type of electrical connector used to charge electric vehicles. Mode 3 cables are currently the most common way to charge an EV across the globe. A Mode 3 charging cable connects your vehicle to a dedicated EV charging station—like those found in workplaces and officeshomes and residential locations, and commercial and public parking lots. These cables are in charge of the control, communication, and protection of the charging process and usually connect to charging plugs like Type 1 or Type 2 or GB/T.

ev charging level 3

How to know more about Mode 3 EV charging cables

The charger cables come in various spec, like color, length, sizes as well. You can find ones with spiral wrap or flat cable that fit your device perfectly!

  1. Cable material: TPE , TPU

TPE: thicker, heavier

TPU: Softer, lighter

  1. What are the difference of TPE and TPU material?

TPE: high temperature resistance, -25℃ to 105℃

TPU: low temperature resistant, -40℃ to 70℃

  1. Cable spec:

TPE: 2 signal wires

16A single phase: 3×2.5+2×0.5 mm²

32A single phase: 3×6+2×0.5 mm²

16A 3 phase: 5×2.5+2×0.5 mm²

32A 3 phase: 5×6+2×0.5 mm²

Mode 3 EV charging cables

TPU: 1 signal wire

16A single phase: 3×2.5+1×0.75 mm²

32A single phase: 3×6+1×0.75 mm²

16A 3 phase: 5×2.5+1×0.75 mm²

32A 3 phase: 5×6+1×0.75 mm²

4 .Cable color: black, green, orange, blue, pink…

5.Cable length: 5m, 7m, 7.5m, 10m, 12m, customizable.

EV Charging Connector Types: how can i choose the plug for my e-car?

In the world of EV cables, Type refers to the design of the vehicle side plug, which can be either a Type 1 or Type 2 or GB/T. These correspond to Type 1, Type 2 and GB/T vehicle inlets. A Type 2 charging cable is the current standard. If you have a relatively new car, this is most likely what you have. Type 1 and GB/T inlets can be found on Asian brands, such as the Nissan Leaf 2016, VW id4 and BYD. If in doubt, make sure to check the inlet on your car.

  1. Type 1plug is a single-phase plug and is standard for EVs from America and Asia. It allows you to charge your car at a speed of up to 7.4 kW, depending on the charging power of your car and grid capability.
  1. Type 2 plugs has 2 options, female plug and male plug, male plug is for connecting Charing station, female plug is for electric vehicle. Type 2 plugs are triple-phase plugs because they have three additional wires to let current run through. So naturally, they can charge your car faster. At home, the highest charging power rate is 22 kW, while public charging stations can have a charging power up to 43 kW, again depending on the charging power of your car and grid capability.
  1. GB/T plugs are also triple-phase plugs because they have three additional wires to let current run through. So naturally, they can charge your car faster. At home, the highest charging power rate is 22 kW, while public charging stations can have a charging power up to 43 kW, again depending on the charging power of your car and grid capability, use for China standard electric vehicle, like BYD, XiaoPeng, VW id3,4,6 etc.
sae 1772 40A 50A
Type 2 female plug

Where are Mode 3 charging cables plugged in?

The mode 3 charging cable is a connector cable between the charging station and the electric car. In Europe, the type 2 plug has been set as the standard. To allow electric cars to be charged using type 1 type 2 and GB/T plugs, charging stations are usually equipped with a type 2 socket. To charge your electric car, you require either a mode 3 charging cable from type 2 to type 2 (e.g. for the Renault ZOE) or a mode 3 charging cable from type 2 to type 1 (e.g. for the Nissan Leaf), or a model 3 charging cable from type 2 to GB/T(e.g. for BYD or VW id4).


Mode 3 EV charging cable guide: make the right choice

Choosing the right EV charging cable is easier than it might seem. Our short guide helps you get the best possible charging speed, durability and user-friendliness.

If you are looking for a single cable that will give you the fastest possible charge at any charging point, you need a Mode 3 cable in single phase, what if your car has a Type 1 or Type 2 or GB/T inlet, and the capacity of its onboard charger.

Mode 3 chargers are the standard for EV charging and can be used at any publically available charging point.

Mode 3 is the modern standard for EV charging cables at home chargers and regular charging facilities. These charge points use regular AC, or alternating current, while fast chargers use DC, or direct current.

Can I use an extension cable to charge my EV?

Sometimes we need to charge our electric car, but have difficulty reaching a power outlet or charging station. It might be a destination with no charging stations, or the charging station could be blocked. In the first case a portable charging station lets you use available power outlets, but you might require an adapter cord to use the outlet, and the outlet might be far from your parking space. In the second case, you might be able to park near the charging station, but far enough that the charging cord cannot reach.

In other words, we sometimes are in suboptimal situations. One solution is to use a combination of extension cords, power adapters and portable charging stations.

But, the car manufacturers universally warn against using extension cords when charging an electric car. While there is a legitimate safety concern, it is possible to safely use extension cords. That requires some knowledge of basic electronic concepts, and good quality equipment.

As per our experience, Yes, you can extend your EV cable. Most EV chargers are around 10 metres long, which is an ideal length for charging your EV at home. However, you could face difficulties charging your EV on a sidewalk or at a public charging station. If you charge your EV outside, it’s best to have a long EV cable.

There are two ways to extend your EV charger. The first way is to buy a new, longer charger. Nowadays, you can get EV chargers up to 25 ft long. The second way is to use an extension, which we’ll discuss in the next section.

The easiest and most popular method to extend an EV charging cable is by using extension cords. One end of the cord connects to the main charger, and the other links to the car charging port. These cords are similar to mobile connector chargers and extension boards we use in our daily lives.

The biggest benefit of using these cords is flexibility. They are available in a wide range of lengths. You can select the size as per your requirements. Besides, these chords come in various power ratings. You can find a cord that has the same power rating as your main charger. You can also choose good-quality extension cables based on other specifications you need.

Please note that you shouldn’t extend an EV charging cable with another charging cable. It could lead to a loose connection. Always use a cord based on plug types to extend your charger.


Does Mode 3 ev charging Cable Reduce Charging Speed?

One of the primary concerns among EV owners is whether an extension cable reduces charging speed. The answer is — yes, there could be a reduction in the charging speed. However, the difference is negligible if you choose the right cable.

Let’s understand how the charge speed changes. The charging speed depends on the power rating of both the EV cable and the extension cable. The final charging power output will be equal to the charger or cable with lower power output.

Let’s say your EV cable has a charging current of 16 amp and the cable has an output of 10 amp. The final charging output, in this case, will be 10 amp. Now, suppose your charger has an output of 10 amp, and the extension cord has a power rating of 16 amp. Even now, the final charging output will be 10 amp.

To ensure the best charging speed, find an extension cord with more amps than the main charger. This will make sure there is no reduction in the charging rate.

Does the length of a cable affect charging speed?

There are still some other factors that can slow down your ev charging speed. These factors include the quality of your cable, the thickness of the wires insides your charging cable, amperage of power adapter & cable and some other factors. Another important factor that affects the ev charging speed —which people often overlook— is the length of the cable being used to charge the car.

Can I use a 3 phase charging cable for single-phase?

A Type 1 EV cable is only available in Single Phase. However, with a Type 2 cable, you can buy either a Single Phase or 3-Phase. Most homes will have a Single Phase supply, which means you would only need a Single Phase cable to charge your electric vehicle from home. At workplaces and car parks, it may be that there is a 3-Phase supply, in which case a 3-Phase cable could be more suitable. Please note, 3-Phase EV cables are useable in both a Single Phase and 3-Phase charger.

A Single Phase 32amp charger will charge at about 7.2kw per hour, and a 3-Phase 32amp charger will charge at about 22kW per hour (3 times quicker). The speed at which your electric vehicle can charge all depends on the onboard charger of your car. For example, Zencar 16A EVSE has an AC onboard charger of 11kW per hour so, even if you used a 3-Phase cable with a 3-Phase charger, it would only charge at 11kW per hour, not 22kW.

Can i plug a Type 2 into a CCS?

Yes, The CCS plug is an enhanced version of the type 2 plug, with two additional power contacts for the purposes of quick charging. It supports AC and DC charging.